Notice of Federal Tax Lien
A federal tax lien is a document filed with a county government (usually where the taxpayer lives or conducts business) notifying the general public that a taxpayer has an unpaid federal tax debt. Once a lien is filed, it becomes a matter of public record. The Internal Revenue Service routinely files federal tax liens against taxpayers who have unpaid tax obligations. Liens attach to the taxpayer’s property (both real property and personal property) so if property is sold while a lien is in effect, the IRS will be paid out of the sales proceeds before the taxpayer is paid. Liens record the full amount owed to the IRS at the time the lien is filed. This information is routinely picked up by the various credit reporting bureaus, and so federal tax liens will eventually show up on your credit report.